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Easy Tours of Nepal
Easy Tours of Nepal
Easy Tours of Nepal
Easy Tours of Nepal
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Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.

This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of 101 ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 92 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure oppurtunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celevrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.

Seven World heritages sites located in the Kathmandu valley are found within radius of 20 kms. Easy access from one to another makes people visiting a site go for rest others. Swayambhu, Bouddhanath, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan, Pashupatinath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Lumbini are placed in Cultural World Heritage Sites. While Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park are placed in Natural World Heritage Sites


Chitwan National Park
Sagarmatha National Park
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Changunarayan

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Swoyambhunath

Bouddhanath
Pashupatinath
Lumbini

 

 

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park is the best park in Nepal for seeing animals in the wild. In the earlier part of the century, when rapid deforestation was devastating Nepal's southern Terai belt, the Government of Nepal intervened and proclaimed the Chitwan area, a national park. This led to the survival of the forest and its denizens. Projects were carried out with the help of friendly nations and wildlife populations have once again shown an upward trend

Today Bengal tigers roam the region, one-horned rhinos can be seen charging through the underbrush, feeding and even courting. The Rapti River has been dammed to form a man-made lake called 'Lamital'. Numerous water-birds have made this lake, their home making it an ornithological paradise.

Elephant grass, eight to ten feet tall, provides excellent camouflage for animals. Swaying on your seat on the elephant back in this tall grass, searching for the majestic tiger will take you back to the days of the Raj and the Maharajas. This grass also serves as food for the gaur, rhino and other herbivores. Once a year, local people are allowed into the park area to cut grass. The grass is dried, and used to thatch roofs or is stored as food for the domestic animals.

Chitwan is well accessible from Kathmandu via the national highway, running from Bhadrapur to Sauraha. There are daily flights to Meghauli airstrip just outside the park boundary. Accommodation in the form of resorts and lodges are available to suit most travel budgets. Elephant safaris, jungle walks, wildlife watching, bird watching, canoeing and numerous cultural activities will ensure that the memories of Chitwan last a lifetime.

 

 

Sagarmatha National Park

The Sagarmatha National Park with its rugged mountains, glaciers, valleys and crowned by the highest peak on earth Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters lies in Northeast Nepal. The 1,148 sq. kilometers of Sagarmatha National Park extends across the region's river areas and the famous Sherpas' homefront Khumbu. Forests of rhododendron, birch, blue pine, juniper and silver fir are found up to an altitude of 4,000 meters. Rare species of animals like the snow leopard, pandas, lynx are seen in the region. Rare bird varieties like snow cock, snow pegion and different species of pheasant are also to be seen here. The park was declared a Natural Heritage Site in 1979.

 

 

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Kathmandu Durbar Square is in the heart of old city Kathmandu in Basantapur. The complex was residence to Nepal's family before the construction of the Narayanhiti Palace. The founding of the Palace dates back to Licchavi times. With considerable renovations by Malla rulers and later the Ranas, construction was accomplished progressively over many centuries.

There are around 50 temples in the vicinity including the temple of titular deity, Taleju Bhawani. The Durbar is divided into two courtyards, the outer comprising Kasthamandap, Kumari Ghar, and Shiva-Parvati Temple, and the inner consisting of Hanuman Dhoka and the main palace. It also houses two museums. Important ceremonies, including the coronation of the Nepali monarch, are held in the Kathmandu Durbar Square. Most parts of the palace premise are open for tourists throughout the week during office hours.

 

 

Changunarayan

Changu Narayan is the temple of Vishnu, the Preserver, in the village of Changu in Bhaktapur. The origins of Changu Narayan goes back to the fourth century. A fifth century stone inscription in the temple proclaims it as one of the oldest shrines of the Kathmandu Valley. The temple is believed to be sixteen hundred years old. It is embellished by the best examples of stone, wood, and metal craft.

On the struts of the two-tiered Changu Narayan Temple, are the ten incarnations of Narayan. A sixth-century stone statue shows the cosmic form of Vishnu. Garuda, half man and half bird, is the steed of Vishnu, and his life-sized statue kneels before the temple.

 

 

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square is located in the center of Bhaktapur. The Square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights some of the finest medieval arts of Nepal. The main items of interest in Bhaktapur Durbar Square are the Lion Gate, the Golden Gate and the statues of kings on stone monoliths. The Golden Gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla as the entrance to the main courtyard of the Fifty-five Windowed Palace.

The Palace of Fifty-five Windows was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in A.D. 1427 and was remodelled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeeth century. The art gallery of Bhaktapur Durbar Square contains ancient paintings belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist traditions of various periods. This gallery is open everyday except Tuesday.

 

 

Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar Square complex, situated in the center of Patan city, houses the residence of the former family of Patan. The Square and its surroundings provide very good example of ancient Newari architecture. The palace has three main courtyards the central and the oldest is Mul Chowk. To the west of the complex are a dozen free standing temples of various sizes and styles. Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple, the Golden Temple of Hiranya Varna Mahavira and Sundari Chowk mark the architectural excellence of its era. The Sundari Chowk with the sunken bath of Tusha Hiti, contains exquisite woodcarvings, stone, and metal sculpture. Patan Durbar Square also houses a temple of Taleju Bhawani.

 

 

Swoyambhunath

Swoyambhu literally means 'Self-Existent One.' Swoyambhunath is believed to have been established more than 2,500 years ago. An inscription dated 460 A.D. states that the construction was carried out by King Manadeva. By the thirteenth century Swoyambhunath had developed into an important Buddhist learning site.

The history of Kathmandu Valley is said to have started with the beginning of Swoyambhu. The largest image of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Nepal is in a monastery next to the stupa. Behind the hilltop is a temple dedicated to Manjusri of Saraswati - the goddess of learning. Statues and shrines of Buddhist and Hindu deities dot the stupa complex.

Large numbers of Buddhists and Hindus alike visit Swoyambhunath. Swoyambhu is perhaps the best place to observe the religious harmony in Nepal. The stupa is atop a hill, and requires considerable walk. There is also a road that leads almost to the base of the statue.

 

 

Pashupatinath

Pashupatinath is one of the four most important religious sites in Asia for Shiva devotees. Pashupatinath, dedicated to Shiva the Destroyer, is the holiest Hindu pilgrimage destination in Nepal. Although the Pashupatinath Temple was only built in the fifth century and later renovated by Malla kings, the holy site is said to have existed from the beginning of the millennium.

A gold-plated roof, four silver doors, and wood carvings of the finest quality decorate the pagoda temple of Pashupatinath. Temples dedicated to several other Hindu and Buddhist deities surround the temple of Pashupatinath. Nearby is the temple of Guheshwori dedicated to Shiva's consort Sati Devi. Behind the temple is the River Bagmati. On the banks of Bagmati are raised platforms used as cremation sites for Hindus. Only Hindus are allowed inside the Pashupatinath courtyard.

 

 

Bouddhanath

Bouddhanath is the center of Tibetan culture in Nepal. The 36-meter-high stupa of Bouddhanath is one of the largest stupas in South Asia. Bouddhanath Stupa was renovated by Licchavi rulers in the eighth century. The mandala design in Bouddhanath is a copy of the one in Gyangtse in Tibet.

The stupa is located in the area of ancient trade route to Tibet where Tibetan merchants rested and offered prayers for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many decided to live around Bouddhanath. Hence, a complete township has developed around Bouddhanath.

The stupa is said to entomb the remains of a Kasyap sage venerable both to Buddhists and Hindus. Smaller stupas are located at the base. Gompa monasteries, curio shops, and restaurants surround Bouddhanath.

 

 

Lumbini

Twenty-five hundred years ago in Lumbini, Shakyamuni Buddha was born. This place holds similar significance to Buddhism, as Jerusalem holds for Christianity. Lumbini has thus become the sacred ground for Buddhists from all over the world. Buddhism is the central theme for any visit to Lumbini and the remains of many ancient stupas and monasteries can be seen. There is also a large stone pillar erected by the Great Indian Emperor Ashoka in 249 BC bearing an inscription about the birth of the Lord Buddha. A must visit in Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi. It has a stone image of Maya Devi giving birth to Lord Buddha as she holds onto a branch. The image is well worn by the strokes of barren women, hoping for a cure for infertility.

Lumbini is now being developed under the Master Plan of the Lumbini Development Trust, a non governmental organization dedicated to the restoration of Lumbini and its development as a pilgrimage site. The work is being done by the renowned Japanese architect Kenzo Tange. It will transform three square miles of land into a sacred place for gardens, pools, buildings, and groves. The plan includes a Monastic Zone, circular sacred Garden surrounding the Ashoka pillar and Maya Devi temple.

An important archeological site near Lumbini is Kapilvastu where Lord Buddha spent his formative years. Foundations of his palace can still be seen there today. Archaeologists have also discovered 13 successive layers of human habitation dating back to the eighth century BC. Lumbini is a must visit for archaeological and historical buffs! Today, Lumbini is beginning to receive travellers' and archaeologists' attention after centuries of neglect. Serious preservation work has started only in the latter half of the 20th century.

Apart from its religious and historical significance, Lumbini also gives the traveller an insight into village life of southern Nepal. Try and coincide your visit with the weekly Monday bazaar when villagers come from miles around to buy-sell grains, spices, pottery, jewellery, saris and various other items. Shop, merge, discover and explore the life of villagers in this unique part of our planet as you get enlightened by the life and times of Lord Buddha. Lumbini is a slice of human history worth seeing and experiencing.

 







 

 

 
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